Termites and Termite Control


For relief from termite infestation in Birmingham, AL, rely on Crown Pest Control. Our targeted approach utilizes minimally invasive and non-repellant products from Termidor® and Hex-ProTM which are backed by years of field testing and found superior at ridding your property of termites.

Termites are social insects that live in large colonies with populations in the millions. Each colony consists of several different types of termites, each performing a specific task within the colony such as reproduction, soldiers, and workers. 

termites under home

Termite tubes (left) are basically a pencil sized mud tube and are a sign of infestation. This is an example of what Long termite tube looks like hanging down under a house. Termites move from the ground foundation up the tube until they can reach wood material they can eat.

There’s no question termites are destructive, causing over $5 billion in damage to U.S. homes each year. Some termites will even chew through lead, asphalt, plaster or mortar to find wood. Even a small termite colony of only 60,000 can eat a linear foot of a 2” x 4" in just five months. Termites are found in every state except Alaska. Termite species most commonly found in Alabama include:

Flying Ant or Termite?

Winged reproductive termites look very similar to flying ants, and are often mistaken. Know the difference:

  • Flying ants' wings are different sizes, while termites' wings are all the same size
  • Flying ants have narrowed waists, while termites have thick waists
  • Flying ants have elbowed antennae, while termites have straight antennae that resemble strings of beads
  • Flying ants can vary in size and winged termites can be brown or black like ants

The Southeastern drywood termite infests both dead sections of living trees and wooden structures in homes. Drywood termites do not build mud tunnels, instead they construct large, smooth, irregular sandpaper-like galleries within the wood grain, and derive their moisture requirements from the wood they consume. Infestations can occur within the structural timbers of buildings, flooring, doors, door frames, window frames, and other isolated pieces of wood. Their colonies are relatively small, and there are often multiple colonies found in the same structure.

Originating from China 50 years ago, Formosan termites are more vigorous, aggressive and successful than native termite species. The Formosan termite has been called the “super” termite due to their large colonies and voracious appetites, consuming large amounts of wood within a short period of time. Colonies number in the millions and forage areas  of more than one acre in diameter, consuming up to 13 ounces of wood per day. These termites will even destroy non-wood materials such as plaster, plastic, asphalt, and even thin sheets of soft metal. It is extremely important to start a control program as soon as you suspect Formosan termites may be on your property.

The Eastern subterranean termite is the most common and widely distributed termite in North America. This termite species feeds on structural wood, wood fixtures, paper, books, cotton, and will occasionally attack the roots of living shrubs and trees. A mature colony of Eastern subterranean termites can range in number from 20,000 to 5 million workers. While Eastern subterranean termite colonies are not the largest termite colonies you can find, there will often be more than one colony in a single structure. Signs of Eastern subterranean termites include the familiar dirt tubes which serve as pathways from the colony to the wood the termites are feeding on. The translucent wings shed by the kings and queens during swarming may also be noticed. On average, Eastern subterranean termite colonies can consume the equivalent of 2⅓ linear feet of a 2’ x 4' pine board annually and are responsible for over 90 percent of termite damage in the U.S.

Termites are amazingly proficient at gaining access to your home. Don’t make their job easier. Follow the preventive measures to keep them from making a meal of your home.

  • Don't affix wooden trellises to exterior walls.
  • Keep mulch, wood debris, scrap lumber, and sawdust away from your home’s foundation and elevate firewood stored outside your home
  • Remove dying or decaying trees and stumps, and keep all shrubs, bushes and other dense greenery trimmed away from your home’s foundation
  • Repair leaking indoor and outdoor faucets
  • Fix leaky roofs and gutters.
  • Clear leaves out of gutters and drains.
  • Grade soil so that water runs away from foundations.
  • Cover the soil in crawl spaces with plastic sheeting
  • Wood siding, stucco and foam board should be at least six inches away from the ground.
  • Seal all cracks and holes in your home’s foundation, which may provide a handy access point for termites.

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